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    • #489680
      Sharon Manuel

      With regard to degree of injury for Brachial Plexus injury, I figured “second degree” as named on the practice exam was the middle of the three types of injury and went from there. I haven’t found any information on labeling these injuries based on degree. Most websites and research go based on the type of injury. If there is a degree associated with these, is neurotmesis considered 1st degree or 3rd? Guessing neurapraxia would take the opposite of the spectrum. Thanks!

    • #489685
      Jessica Lewis

      Hi Sharon,
      For BPI, the nerve injury can be classified using Seddon Classification or Sunderland Classification. I feel like the most common way we see is with Seddon’s terminology (neuropraxia, axonotmesis, neurotmesis). See classifications below and how they relate to each other (you can see there is some overlap)

      Seddon –> Sunderland
      Neuropraxia –> First degree
      Axonotmesis –> Second and third degree
      Neurotmesis –> Third, forth, and fifth degree

      Sunderland Classification descriptions:
      First degree: demyelinated nerve; a physiological local conduction block; conservative management; recovery expected over weeks to months
      Second degree: some axons disrupted; endoneurial sheaths and surrounding connective tissue layers remain intact; Wallerian degeneration distally; treatment is conservative; complete recovery can be expected over months
      Third degree: axons and endoneurial sheaths disrupted; scarring replaces existing structures; perineurium and connective tissue layers outside of this remains; most of these injuries will recover spontaneously but partially
      Forth degree: axon, endoneurium, and perineurium disrupted; scarring replaces existing structures; epineurium remains; scar blocks all neuronal regeneration; no recovery likely without operative management
      Fifth degree: nerve transection; all structures including epineurium divided; no recovery expected without operative management
      Apparently there is a sixth degree that I wasn’t aware of that describes a nerve injury with features of two or more of the above categories.

      Let me know if this helps clear things up!

    • #489731
      Sharon Manuel

      Thank you! That definitely helped clarify!

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